Is Phrenology coming back under a new disguise?
Phreno means mind such as Schizo-phrenia means divided or split mind. Ology means the science of something. So phrenology is the science of the mind. It started in 1798 by an Austrian Physician called Franz Joseph Gall. Dr. Gall spread the belief that the brain is like muscles. Each muscle has a specific function. Using the muscle makes it bigger and not using it makes it smaller (atrophy). He divided the brain to areas; each one is for a specific behavior “faculties”, for example beauty, mirth, time, expressions and so on. This was claimed to be based on real science. Later Phrenology was proven to be a Pseudoscience. It is true that the brain has few functions that are localized such as speech, vision, movements and sensations. However, the rest of brain functions are not localized to one specific location in the brain. Some functions get processed in certain locations but if these locations are damaged, for example by a stroke, other areas are used instead and that particular function will continue as before.